- Why Large Scale Facilities?
- Mamaself partners at Large Scale Facilities
- ILL Grenoble, France
- ESRF Grenoble, France
- LLB Saclay, France
- Synchrotron Soleil, France
- PSI Villigen, Switzerland
- FRM II Munich, Germany
Why Large Scale Facilities?
Synchrotron radiation beamlines are high-performance instruments that allow to obtain multi-scale and multi-task researches on materials of industrial as well as fundamental interest. Given their strategic importance, each UE governemnts commit an overall budget of more than 100 Million euros for each national synchrotron source. The industrial demand in the field is quite extended, ranging from pharmaceutics to biotechnologies, from chemistry (petrochemistry) to materials (metals, alloys, plastics, polymers, ceramics, glasses...), from microelectronics to aeronautics, from environment to energy-sources.
Mamaself partners at Large Scale Facilities
The consortium disposes on a variety of research projects in relation to “Large Scale Facilities” as well as industry partnerships on a European level.
Mamaself students can spend their Master thesis semester (SEM 4) at one of the Partner Institutions of the Mamaself consortium if they choose a related subject.
ILL Grenoble, France
The Institut Laue-Langevin is an international research centre at the leading edge of neutron science and technology.As the world’s flagship centre for neutron science, the ILL provides scientists with a very high flux of neutrons feeding some 40 state-of-the-art instruments, which are constantly being developed and upgraded.
As a service institute the ILL makes its facilities and expertise available to visiting scientists. Every year, some 1400 researchers from over 40 countries visit the ILL. More than 800 experiments selected by a scientific review committee are performed annually. Research focuses primarily on fundamental science in a variety of fields: condensed matter physics, chemistry, biology, nuclear physics and materials science, etc.
Whilst some are working on engine designs, fuels, plastics and household products, others are looking at biological processes at cellular and molecular level. Still others may be elucidating the physics that could contribute to the electronic devices of the future. ILL can specially tailor its neutron beams to probe the fundamental processes that help to explain how our universe came into being, why it looks the way it does today and how it can sustain life.
The ILL also collaborates closely and at different levels of confidentiality with the R&D departments of industrial enterprises.
All the scientists at the ILL - chemists, physicists, biologists, crystallographers, specialists in magnetism and nuclear physics - are also experts in neutron research and technology and their combined know-how is made available to the scientific community.
The ILL delivers intense neutron beams to 40 scientific instruments covering many research domains in materials science. Some 800 experiments are conducted each year by about 1400 researchers in solid-state physics, chemistry, crystallography, geology, soft matter or biology.
ESRF Grenoble, France
The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), located in Grenoble France, is one of the most intense source of synchrotron generated X-rays light, worldwide competing with other 3rd generation synchrotron sources in the US (APS) and Japan (Spring-8). Funded by 13 member states and 8 scientific associates, ESRF allow about 6500 scientific visitors per year to access 43 beamlines, specialized in one of the following domains: hard condensed matter science, applied material science, engineering, chemistry, soft condensed matter science, life sciences, structural biology, medicine, earth and science, environment, cultural heritage, methods and instrumentation.
For materials science investigations, techniques of preference such as diffraction, spectroscopy or imaging reach extremely high resolution and performance due to the very high brilliance and low convergence of synchrotron light beam. This allows highly micro-focused analyses or ultra-fast time-resolved experiments down to a resolution of a few picoseconds.
LLB Saclay, France
The Laboratoire Leon Brillouin (LLB) is a french national laboratory funded by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA). The LLB promotes the use of neutron scattering and spectroscopy in fundamental and applied science. The LLB develops and maintain spectrometers on beamlines installed on Orphee, a 14MWh reactor at Saclay which delivers neutron flux since 1980. The LLB welcome and assists each year about 500 visitors who come for short period to conduct experiments after their proposals have been selected. The LLB also develops its own research topics. The scientific activity is mainly distributed among three domains in condensed matter: physical-chemistry, structural aspects and phase transitions of materials, magnetism and superconductivity.
Synchrotron Soleil, France
The synchrotron light source SOLEIL is a national French 3rd generation synchrotron operated in Saclay by CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and CEA (Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives). SOLEIL was set in replacement of the older French synchrotron light-source LURE (Orsay) and delivered its first photons in 2008. SOLEIL offers to researchers 32 beamlines covering a wide range of spectroscopic methods from infrared to X-rays, and structural methods in X-ray diffraction and diffusion. Main research domains are physics, chemistry, material sciences, life sciences (notably in the crystallography of biological macromolecules), earth sciences, and atmospheric sciences.
PSI Villigen, Switzerland
The Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) is a multi-disciplinary research institute which belongs to the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain covering also ETH Zurich and EPFL. It was established in 1988. The PSI is a multi-disciplinary research centre for the natural sciences and technology. In national and international collaboration with universities, other research institutes and industry, PSI is active in solid-state physics, materials sciences, elementary particle physics, life sciences, nuclear and non-nuclear energy research, and energy-related ecology.
PSI is a User Laboratory, offering access to its facilities to researchers affiliated to many different institutions, and it runs several particle accelerators. The 590 MeV cyclotron, with its 72 MeV companion pre-accelerator, is one of them. As of 2011, it delivers a proton beam of up to 2.2 mA, which is the world record for such proton cyclotrons. It drives the spallation neutron source complex. The Swiss Light Source (SLS), built in 2001, is a synchrotron light source with a 2.4 GeV electron storage ring. It is one of the world's best with respect to electron beam brilliance and stability. An X-ray free-electron laser called SwissFEL is currently under construction and is slated to begin operation in 2016.Research fields
Research fields :
- Solid-state physics and materials sciences
- Elementary particle physics
- Life sciences and medicine
- Nuclear energy and nuclear safety
- Non-nuclear energy
- Energy-related ecology
FRM II Munich, Germany
The research neutron source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) is a central scientific institute of the Technische Universität München (TUM) housed on the premises of the Research Centre in Garching. The FRM II came into user operation in 2005 and provides neutrons for science, industry and medicine.
The source is placed at the disposal of industry for about 30 % of the usable beam time. This includes both industry-related research, funded by the public purse and contract research, funded by industry e.g. the doping of silicon for the semiconductor industry, the production of radioisotopes for nuclear medicine and industry, elemental analysis and tumor therapy.
The core aim of the reactor operation is to provide a high neutron flux. It is not used to generate electricity. With 20 megawatts of thermal power, the FRM II produces only about 0.6 % of the thermal power produced by a conventional nuclear power plant to generate electricity. It has the world's best thermal ratio of performance to neutron flux and is thus one of the most effective and modern neutron sources in the world.
Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste (in Italy) is a multidisciplinary international research center, part of the Area Science Park, a National Research Laboratoy aimed at conjugating excellence in Scientific Research with technology know-how tranfer.
Elettra is specialized in generating high quality synchrotron and free-electron laser electromagnetic radiation and applying it in materials science. It produce light ranging from ultraviolet to X-rays. The spectral brightness available on most beamlines is up to 1019 photons/s/mm2/mrad2/0.1%bw and the peak brightness of the FEL sources is expected to go up to 1030 photons/s/mm2/mrad2/0.1%bw.
Elettra can offer to researchers 28 beamlines covering a wide range of spectroscopies in different areas of scientifica research: from chemistry to physics, from hard-material sciences to soft matter and biology.
Several experimental techniques are used in these beamlines : Photoelectron Emission, Imaging, Scattering and Diffraction, Absorption/Emission/Reflection, Litography.
Due to its strategic geographical position Elettra attracts a lot of scientific researchers from Center and East Europeas a part of the primary network for science and technology of the Central Europe Initiative (CEI).